Transforming Semiconductor Technology with Quantum Materials
Over the next decade, it is expected that quantum technology for computing, sensing, communication and security will continue to make great progress. The current state-of-the-art of quantum computers requires cryogenic operation for at least some components, whether the underlying technology is based on superconducting Josephson Junctions, trapped ions, or photons. If quantum technology is going to be widely available and replace classical computing, it must evolve towards room-temperature operation, and system-on-chip integration. One avenue to realize this goal may be through the use of novel 2D and 3D topological materials with nonlinear optical properties, some of which are obtained by engineering conventional semiconductors such as HgTe/CdTe, InAs/GaSb, and also Si-based materials. The challenge is to develop materials and devices that are compatible with CMOS, take advantage of the existing manufacturing infrastructure for CMOS, and enable room-temperature quantum operation suitable for incorporation in conventional products.